Dietary Habits, Eating Practices and DMFT Index among Adults Attending Dental Clinics in Amman, Jordan
Palabras clave:Dental behavior, Caries, DMFT index, Dietary habits
Introduction: There is a few studies regarding problems of oral health especially among adult groups in Jordan. This study was designed to use the Decayed, Missing and Filled Teeth (DMFT) index as an indicator for dental health status. Moreover, this index was used to find out the association between dietary habits, eating practices and the dental health status among Jordanians patients who had high DMFT index.
Methods: A private clinic-based cross-sectional study was conducted on 204 patients aged 18-64 years who visited eleven private dental clinics in Jordan. DMFT index was the examination tool of oral health status among the patients. A questionnaire was used during face-to-face interviews to collect data regarding socio-demographic characteristics, anthropometric data, dental behavior, and dietary data. SPSS (version 23) was used to conduct the statistical analysis and the statistical significance set at p-value <0.05.
Results: The mean (SD) values DMFT index in the patients was 14.8±1.3. About (62.25%) of the patients was classified as “High DMFT index” group which reflects index values higher than 13.9. Variables including age, gender, educational status, frequency of tooth brushing per day, frequency of using mouthwash per day, and smoking, were all used to adjust the relative risk between dietary habits, eating practices and being classified within “High DMFT index” group. It was noticed that the higher frequency intake of soft drinks, candies, chocolate, citric juices, junk foods, Arabic sweets, and sweetened juices, the higher the odds of being classified within “High DMFT index” group.
Conclusion: Unfortunately, our study revealed that the average DMFT index was very high. It is well-known that dental problems may affect patients throughout their lifetime. Therefore, the oral health status among Jordanians should be enhanced through making significant modifications in their dental behavior, dietary habits, and eating practices.
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